The Types of Coffee You Will Probably Meet

It’s no secret why coffee is one of the most famous beverages on Earth. While several types of coffee make people tick day in and day out, coffee has since helped jump-start one’s day and even help power them through the day without losing focus.

A casual coffee drinker would only know coffees helps alleviate the sleepiness. But for avid coffee aficionados who see it as the Holy Grail, there are quite a handful of types of coffee drinks one should explore and get to know.

After all, it’s all about making the most of the soothing aroma that this beverage brings to the table, be it served hot or cold. Fret not because we’ve already rounded up some of the most popular varieties of coffee, giving you a quick rundown of the must-try variants right off the bat.

Coffee Origins

Coffee originated from Kefa (Kaffa), Ethiopia, which was followed by its proliferation in the Southern Arabia region, where the cultivation started during the 15th century. Since then, the beverage has gained immense popularity, beginning to spread even in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries. 

Coffee hubs began mushrooming in Britain and its colonies scattered across America and Europe afterward. 

Following its unprecedented popularity and influx of demand for the beverage, many budding businesses felt the need to set the massive propagation of different types of coffee drinks elsewhere to cater to the growing demand. Hence, the wide-scale coffee-planting industry in the archipelago of Indonesia and the Americas in the 17th and 18th centuries, respectively. It was only in 1825 when the cultivation craze reached the Islands of Hawaii.  

Fast forward to the 20th century, many countries in the Western Hemisphere took the reigns, and one of them is Brazil. The 20th century saw the arrival of coffee grinding machines and industrial-scale roasting. As various coffee-related innovations surface here and there, manufacturers sought inventive ways to pack ground roasts to preserve their quality.

Meanwhile, instant coffee became a thing in the 1950s, paving the way for instant coffee to amass popularity among coffee drinkers worldwide, prompting for the need to produce more Robusta beans moving forward.

Different Types of Coffee

Whether you’re looking to not fall asleep in the middle of a task or you’re simply after the calming fragrance of coffee, you’d want to take a hard look at each coffee type for you to see which one fits your preference as a coffee drinker.

These different types of coffee drinks are classified according to the process it entails to create them and the ingredients necessary to make them happen. We have an instant brew, Espresso, Espresso-based drinks, and drip coffee. Let’s get right into what goes into your cup of coffee, shall we?

What are Different Coffee Types?

Instant brew

True to its name, Instant brew coffee is the most basic and easy-to-do coffee in this list. Instant brew coffee is perfect for those who are always on the go and have no time to waste. Instant brew coffee drinks use instant coffee drink mixes one can pick up from the nearest convenience store. You can make black coffee, iced coffee, or add foamed milk to your instant cup of coffee. There are even flavored latte or white mixes available which you can prepare and drink on the go.

Instant coffee mixes are usually made with a coffee machine, to say the least, and instant coffee, of course. Sometimes, there is no need for a machine because other instant coffee mixes can be made by just pouring them over a mug filled with water. This drink is ideal for late night pick me ups but there is a lot wanting from each cup or drink. A cup of black coffee mat taste bitter or burnt, while a white or latte cup may be an overly sweet drink.

Of the four different types of coffee featured in this article, this is the least recommended one. Why? First off, “instant” means you’ll just have to settle for the artificial, which isn’t always ideal knowing instant coffee mixes tend to carry excessive sugar content with them.

But if you don’t have the luxury of time to delve into the process of making your coffee, it’s still okay to make this easier, quicker route. Piece of advice: Just minimize consumption whenever you can. 

While it can bring the coffee taste you’re after, it can never take the place of the freshly brewed coffee. Many people still go for it, though, because it’s much quicker to prepare and cheaper compared to other coffees.

Espresso

Made from a coffee-making technique that originates from Italy, a shot of espresso involves just a slight amount of that’s about to reach its boiling point, putting the superbly-ground coffee beans under pressure. Even better, you can come up with shots of espresso using various variants of coffee roasts and beans.

Espresso shots or piccolo coffee is much denser over other coffee types brewed using different ways. A shot of espresso possesses a higher amount of concentration. Since shots of espresso underwent a three-stage pressurized preparation routine, the flavor tends to remain heavily concentrated; hence, making it stand out among the rest. A shot of espresso is as pure as one can experience.

Here’s how to enjoy a shot of espresso in various ways:

  • Shot of Espresso. Prepare your portafilter.

Pour seven grams of ground coffee with one shot of espresso. Remember: The shot of espresso should equate to one liquid ounce. After doing so, that leaves you with two choices on how you want to have your cup of espresso drink. First is Ristretto, made with a shortened or controlled shot of espresso, brewed at little less than 2/3 of the mug. Second, Luongo, which involves a larger shot of espresso brewed, which requires more water than Ristretto necessitates.

  • Double Espresso

Want a stronger Espresso? Easy. Take two shots of espresso, and they should come with your 14-gram ground coffee. Take note that the amount of the double Espresso shot should equate to almost 1.5 ounces for the best results. Double-shot Espresso sports a thicker texture compared to a regular or single shot espresso. This is black coffee at its best.

  • Espresso Macchiato

In other words, it is that type of a coffee with single-shot espresso with a foamy texture on the side. Should you change your mind, your Macchiato, or naturally “stained” or “spotted,” can still be reverted to Espresso or Double Espresso in no time.

  • Cappuccino

Its syllables maybe four, but Cappuccinos are created in thirds. Mix 1/3 Espresso, 1/3 foam, and 1/3 steamed milk, and there you have it. As this represents a conventional way of coffee-making, it would be best if the milk appears glazed, slick, glossy sans the bubbles. What’s more, foam and milk mix well to come up with a dense coffee that’s rich in texture.

  • Dry Cappuccino

Want it dry? No need to reinvent the wheel. The procedure in making it is the same as that of cappuccino. This time around, you’ll need to add more foam onto the steamed milk to achieve this. It is rife with foam, yes and quite similar to a flat white cup. But you’d still want to get that texture identical with your typical cappuccino.

  • Caffe Latte

Of all the variants, this must be one of the most popular household varieties for cappuccino out there. Its composition? One-thirds of Espresso shot, two-thirds warm milk, and a layer that needs not to be that thick either. It should have some striking similarities in texture with your regular cappuccino.

  • Gibraltar

Also called Cortado, this variant is a Caffe Latte-macchiato hybrid. It is composed of a one-half shot of espresso and one-half milk filled with foam. This amped up latte drink is best enjoyed during the afternoon, this variant is strong. To lessen the caffeine kick, one can add a little amount of milk to your latte drink to tone it down a bit. For best results, it is highly recommended for the milk to have a smooth, creamy, and glazed latte drink texture.

  • Americano

If you’re looking for an Espresso type that’s packed with a strong coffee aroma, then Caffe Americano is the one for you. Mix hot water with a double shot that’s pulled long to come up with Caffe Americano. Just don’t forget to pull the shot on top of hot water to guarantee that creamy texture.

  • Cafe Mocha

Made with cocoa for layer number one, followed by 1/3 Espresso shot, 1/3 milk, and 1/6 foam, the steamed milk ensures its latte like consistency but with a full flavor in every cup.

  • Iced Coffee

No complicated processes involved. Just add in 16 ounces of ice, and you’re ready to go. Throw in two shots of espresso to complete the beverage. You can make this a latte cup by adding milk or a flat white. Almost any kind of drip coffee can also be made into a latte version of this cup of brew.

Among other of the most notable Espresso variants available are the following:

  • Ristretto cup (created with the same quantity of coffee; half water amount)
  • Lungo (contrary to Ristretto; uses more water)
  • Guillermo cup (comes with two hot Espresso shots drenched over slices of lime; can be served iced)
  • Espresso Romano (features an Espresso shot alongside a sliced lemon)
  • Espresso con Panna (includes whipped cream)
  • Doppio cup (two Espresso shots on a demitasse cup)
  • Cortado (comes with a small dose of milk to trim down the acidity level)
  • Café Con Hielo cup (iced espresso)
  • Caffe Gommosa cup (Espresso poured on a marshmallow slice)
  • Espresso-based drinks

Café Americano can be made by just simply adding an Espresso shot to your cup or mug filled with hot water.

For coffee enthusiasts who prefer espresso with added water or milk or a more latte type concoction, here are some of the variants that’ll suit them:

  • Antoccino (one Espresso shot with steamed milk)
  • Breve (with half cream and half milk latte)
  • Caffe Americano (with added hot water; generating a coffee of the same vigor)
  • Cafe Zorro (two Espresso shots plus water)
  • Cappuccino (comes with warm and foamy steamed milk)
  • Espressino (a trio of espresso, cocoa powder, and steamed milk)
  • Flat White (likened to a latte; except it comes with milk of unique texture)
  • Latte (Espresso with steamed milk and comes with a little foamy texture)
  • Macchiato (Espresso made with a small foamed milk dose; like the cappuccino with a stronger kick) 
  • Vienna Coffee (Espresso that features whipped cream with optional milk)

Does "Flat White" Ring any Bell to You?

It is one of the Espresso-based drinks that originated from the Land Down Under, Australia, and New Zealand. It usually involves the mixture of steamed milk (preferably the one that comes from the bottom of the mug) and an Espresso shot.

Long Black, on the other hand, comes forth upon pouring in hot water into a mug or cup and then following up with two Espresso shots right away. Known for its strong kick, this Long Black is creamier than the Café Americano.

Drip-type Coffee

A Drip-type coffee uses a brewing process that involves placing the coffee on a paper filter and pouring in hot water to it until it drips the finished product to your container, cup, or mug.

To elaborate further, this happens when simply drenching boiling water on coffee, ground more coarsely ground than espresso. As the hot water runs, you can gradually notice the coffee gets collected into its container.

While this method tends to take more time compared to that when making an Espresso, drip-type coffee can give you more caffeine than espresso.

It is ideal for those who are calorie-conscious-type of coffee drinkers. Why? Because drip-type coffee, primarily the plain black and or a shot of espresso even, has little to no calories in it.

What is the Best Coffee to Drink?

First off, this isn’t a one-size-fits-all thingy. A person’s coffee-drinking preference (hot or cold; strong or light) and ideal experience may differ from another aficionado. It all depends on your personality, lifestyle, habits, taste, line of work (be it an office- or home-based), location, and mood even.

Coffee and its Health Benefits

Did you know that coffee, indeed, has numerous health benefits in the first place?

Yes, you read that right. Drinking three to four cups of coffee per day can help trim down the risks of you acquiring or developing cardiovascular diseases, liver cancer, diabetes, and even Parkinson’s Disease in the long run.

Get this: Several studies have also shown that moderate coffee intake can help one increase his lifespan. Almost three years ago, the World Health Organization clarified that coffee no longer belongs to the list of foods and beverages that possibly contain the carcinogen.

While drinking coffee has been linked to various health benefits, too much may prevent one from getting ample time of sleep, cause anxiety, bring about jittery sensations, and cause heartburn in extreme cases.

What Type of Coffee is the Most Popular?

Espresso is easily the most popular type of coffee nowadays, probably due to the number of variants available. One of the possible reasons behind its being well-coveted by the general coffee drinking populace is the flexibility it brings to the table. It only needs a tweak here and there, add in milk, foam, and hot water, and you’ll have a coffee drink that is to your liking. 

The Best Coffee Beans

When the words “best coffee beans” are thrown into a conversation, Arabica and Robusta always jump right out of the pages. While there are undoubtedly other coffee beans out there, Arabica and Robusta seemed to have gained utmost popularity for quite some time now owing to what they bring to the fold.

Arabica is the most common coffee variant available in the market. Not just that: It accounts for more than half of the world’s coffee drinks enjoyed by coffee aficionados.

Grown in the Latin America region and other regions, Arabica beans are known for being of premium quality, much ahead over other coffee beans in the industry. Most of the more famous coffees use Arabica beans, or are solely Arabica beans. What makes this bean stand out is the quality of soil, the environment, climate, altitude and the care taken in harvesting this bean. The European concept of terroir applies very well to coffee.

Meanwhile, Robusta beans became well-known for being a more bitter and stronger type of coffee bean. Robusta make good Espresso beans, an ideal fit for those who are after coffee beverages with a stronger kick of caffeine. Just think of them like two times as strong as the Arabica.

Liberica and its sub-variant, Excelsa won’t be counted out, as well. These are types of beans that are grown in areas such as the Philippines. The United States market seldom uses Liberica beans. Perhaps they’re still waiting to gain more exposure.

Best Coffee Bean by Source

Like what we’ve said in the beginning, most of the coffee drinkers and enthusiasts out there take what’s available. But given the luxury of time, resources, and opportunity, it is believed that the best coffee bean will be determined by how it complements the coffee drinker’s preference per se.

Just to drop some more hints anew, coffee beans of premium quality may hail from various locations like Brazil, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Coffee beans thrive in countries that have tropical climate systems that help produce high-quality ones across the board.  

Conclusion

Coffee in itself can also be a significant part of everybody’s lives. Just imagine waking up in the morning without getting a dose of it. Chances are, you won’t feel as energized as you’d want to be to start your day. 

Coffee drinkers around the world drink coffee for different reasons. One may be to stay awake, remain focused on what they’re doing, lift their spirits, enter a more relaxed mood, calm their nerves, shrug off some stress, or whatever that may be. In short, this beverage has since become an integral part of each and everyone’s lives. 

Whether you’re a big fan of instantly brewed coffee, Espresso, Espresso-based drinks or Drip-type coffee, the essential thing to bear in mind is that at the end of the day, what matters is how you enjoy it. 

For others, it may just seem like an ordinary hot, or cold beverage served in the morning or the afternoon. But for genuine and authentic coffee lovers and aficionados out there, who won’t last a day without sipping their favorite drink, coffee is a way of life more than anything else this world could offer. They would want to drink different types of coffee, if only for the experience.

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